A nutritious balanced diet is a cornerstone of having a healthy pregnancy.
Good knowledge and practice of healthy eating can ensure that all the nutritional requirements are met, adequate growth of the baby and physical and mental wellbeing.
It prevents excess weight gain (and related medical complications) and nutritional deficiency .
It is also important to be aware of the food, beverages and nutritional supplements to avoid or restrict during pregnancy to prevent toxicity of vitamins (such as vitamin A in supplements) and heavy metals (such as mercury in some fish and seafood).
Basic knowledge and practice of good hand and food hygiene can prevent foodborne infections (listeria, salmonella and toxoplasma) that can harm the pregnant woman, baby or both.